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TRAVEL & LEISURE

Here’s the oldest olive oil facility ever discovered

ENGIN TATLIBAL / engintatlibal@gmail.com

Ancient Klazomenai is at Urla town of Izmir, the western cape of Turkey

Italian cuisine became popular with the trend of healthy nutrition in recent years. And the core element of Italian kitchen is absolutely the olive oil. But when and where did the human being used this magic liquid as a food in history? Totally unknown; however whole Mediterranean basin has the suitable climate and soil conditions to grow olive trees.

Somewhere in Turkey, near the western resort city of Izmir, there’s a yard that the archeologists discovered a very old olive oil extraction facility. It’s at town of Urla, where the western white-Turk elites reside and the historic ruins stay at just by side of the center bazaar place. The ancient settlement here is called Klazomenai and the olive oil extraction workshop there is dated 6th century BC, which makes it the oldest one ever discovered. Klazomenai was one of the 14 ancient Greek cities that former the Ionian League then. Others were Miletus, Myus, Priene, Ephesus, Colophon, Lebedus, Teos, Phocaea, Smyrna, Erythrae, Samos and Chios; which 12 of them today inside Turkish border. The excavation process in Klazomenai is still on its way; you will not be able to see anything more than ancient ruins of basements; however the precious olive oil extraction facility had been paid special care. It’s obvious that Turkish archeologists made a successful renovation in the area between 2004-05. At the adobe made facility building, there’s a cylindrical roller on the basis of millstone and three separation pits nearby.

If you are visiting Klazomenai ruins in Urla town, that means there’s still a lot more to do. With a 30 minutes drive from Urla, you can reach the golden beaches of Cesme, laying down in front of Chios island of Greece. The best choice for dining would absolutely be Alacati, a historic village full of authentic restaurants. Alacati is also famous with world famous windsurf facilities. Izmir metropolitan (formerly Smyrna, a member of Ionian League, see previous paragraph) is the cultural and economical capitol of the region with having one of the three biggest ancient agoras of Roman Empire and one of the oldest Grand Bazaars of Turkey, the Kemeralti.

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